George Johann Klein invented the electric-powered wheelchair within the 1950s. Considered as probably the most productive Canadian inventor of the twentieth century, his other notable innovations embrace the microsurgical staple gun, the ZEEP nuclear reactor, the Canadarm, and the Weasel all terrain vehicle. Klein was working for the National Research Council of Canada when he came up with the electric wheelchair which was meant for injured World War II veterans.
In 2005, the first efficiently working electric wheelchair was welcomed back to Canada throughout the official launch of Klein's biography in Ottawa. The chair had been given to the federal government of the United States in 1955 in a gesture to demonstrate the commitment of Canada to help disabled individuals everywhere in the world. It's now displayed on the Canada Science and Technology Museum.
The electric wheelchair has been dubbed as Canada's Great Invention. Its development was spurred by the inflow of veterans of the Second World War who had change into disabled by accidents sustained in battle. The concerted efforts of the National Research Council of Canada, the Canadian Paraplegic Affiliation, and Canada's Department of Veteran Affairs resulted in an electric motor propelled wheelchair that was really useful.
Earlier than the advent of this type of wheelchair, quadriplegics had no way to move round by themselves. A little earlier, Canadian Paraplegic Association founder John Counsel had efficiently lobbied the Canadian Government for the mass purchase of manual wheelchairs. This helped paraplegic veterans however not quadriplegics. Dr. Klein, in collaboration with medical practitioners, patients, engineers, and scientists, then moved into the breach by originating the idea of the electronic wheelchair.
Born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada on August 15, 1904, George Klein turned an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1968 and was later inducted to the Canadian Science and Technology Museum Hall of Fame (in 1995) because of his work on the electric wheel chair and different noteworthy inventions. He died on November 4, 1992 in Ottawa on the age of 88 years.
His inventions, nonetheless, keep him alive within the memory of individuals everywhere in the world, especially of those who are enjoying the independence and mobility that he made potential through the electric wheelchair. Immediately there are lots of adaptations of this kind of wheelchair, which has been custom-made to the completely different wants of individuals. Rear, centre, front wheel and four wheel drive variants are presently available.
Originally meant for quadriplegics and invalids who cannot self-propel a handbook wheelchair as a consequence of sure disabilities, the electric-powered wheelchair is now additionally prescribed for persons who have cardiovascular conditions. It may be designed for use indoors or outdoors, or for both. There are portable models and full featured "rehab" models. There are kinds which have on-board chargers while others have separate chargers.
The electric wheelchair is managed by way of joysticks or other kinds of devices reminiscent of chin controls or puff/sip scanners. These controllers can regulate not only the chair's speed and direction but also other functional movements, equivalent to recline, tilt, seat elevation, and leg elevation, that make its occupant able to carry out certain motions and activities that might not have been possible otherwise.
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